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Hun Thak Numei le Khantohna


2010 kum ma lai-in Bill Gate in Saudi Arabia gam ah thugenna khat neihi. Thugenna inn sungah numeilepasal a tutna uh a lang tuakin kikhen dimdiam a, amau ngeina ahi numeite’n a maibup phialuh dial tawh tuam uhhi. Tua laitak mikhat dingto-in “Siapa aw, ka gamuh 2010 teh leitung bup sumlepai bawlna-ah a madawk lam penpawl-in ka kihel zo uhtam?” ci-in a dotleh Bill Gate-in “Na gammi bup-uh lakpan a langte’ siamna, kivakna (talent) te zong a vekin na zatsiam zawh mateng un na madawk zo tuan keiding uhhi, “ ci-in mai kituam numei a langte’ dinmun thupitna na genkhia hi.

Leitung bup-ah Numeite’ dinmun

Leitung bupah mi billion 7 a omna lakah 1.3 billion pen zawnlengauna sungah om lai uhhi.     Tua 1.3 billion sungah numei te 70% hi mawk uhhi. Hih numeite’ adingin zawnna pen sumlepai neihloh na ciangbek hilo-in, mite’ nawlkhinna, thu neihtheih lohnate thuak uh a, duhlehdeih zong genkhiat khuan ngahlohna hi.

  • Leitung bup nasep a kici khempeuh a nai-in kituat hileh numei ten sehthum suah sehnih (2/3) sem uhhi.
  • Ahi zongin leitung bup sumlut a ngahte a ki-etteh numeite’n za-ah-sawm (10%) bek ngahkha uhhi. 
  • Leitung bupah vanlehna neihna (world’s property) lakah numeite’n a min uh tawh aneih khakuh vanlena pen 1% bek hi.
  • Leitung bupah khangham lai simtheilo, laigelh theilo mi million 876 ki-om in, tua lakah numeite pen 2/3 hi-uh hi.
  • Leitung bupah tan langpan tan li (primary school)  a kah khalo naupang million 77 omin, tualak ah numeite pen 60% hi-uh hi.
Hih dinmun tuamtaumte hangin leitung bup gam tuamtuamte’ kipawlna (United Nations) te’n 2015 teh zawhloh phamawh a tupna pi ahi leitung bupah zawnna a lang khiam ding cihna uhah, numeite thapiak na leh pasal numei liangko kikimna zong a seppi dinguh thu (8) lakpan a thumna-ah na helpah uhhi. Hih pen kumtullom khantohna geelna pite (millennium development goals) kici hi.

UN ah secretary a semngei Kofi Annan mahmah in zong, “ 2015 ma-in kumtullom khantohna geelna pite (millennium development goals) ih mahial zawh na dingin hun awng cihpeuhmah om nawnlo hi. Tua ahih manin numeite phungvuh (invest) na bek in eite’ mahial zawh na dingin hong lamen sak zo bek ding hi” ci ngiau hi.

Numeite pen huankho lokho, singpua, anhuan, naucing, teekte khoi-in kem, innhah, kuangsawp puansawp, cih bang nasep liante sem ngekngek na pi-uh in kuamah in nasep kician, nasep gina-in kisim sak lohi. Khasum cih peuhmah a ki lamen sak vetlo hi. A pualam na sem sunsun le-uh a tam zaw pen khasum tawm nasep le nasep niam, zaneu dinmunte bek kipia hi.Tua kawmkal-ah ki-ukna thukhun tampi leh ngeina tuamtuam ah numeite’n amau min tawh lolegam, munlemual, vanlena neithei lo uhhi. Mun tampi ah sum nangawn leitawi theilo uhhi. Goulegamh na ngawn a luah theilo ngiau uhhi.

Hih kiciang tannate’n numeite’ sumlutna khaktan, heusak bektham lo-in, a tate-uh nangawn un thuak lawh uhhi. Banghang hiam cihleh numeite a tam zaw-in a neih uh sumlepaite pen vai dang sang a tate’ cidam nading, pil nading kin pih zaw uhhi.   

Mihing khantohna (human development) tehna-ah sang pilna pen a kilim hel mahmah thu khat a hihi. Sang pilna a nei numite’n sang a kahkha ngeilo numeite sangin nau neihdan zong siamzaw-in nau neihzah dingzong ciangtan siam zaw uhhi. Nausiat tawm zaw-in, a tate uh damsuah zaw uhhi. A tate mahmah uh zong sang kahsak hamtang zaw tham uhhi.

Leitung bup nasepte’ thatang zatna (global labor force) a ki-et teh numeite’ tha 40% kihel hi. Lokhawh nasepna-ah numeite’n 43% panmun la uh a, leitung bup university sang ah a lang pen numeite hita hi. Tua ahih manin numeite sangpilna limtak sinsak lo, nasep na-ah panmun a ngah ding kilawm zah ngah sak lo, khasum piak zah dingin kipia kha keileh numeite’ tha, numeite’ naseptheihnate zatsiam lohna, zatkhialh na hong hi-in tua meizom in nasepna-ah meetzah taktak ding zahin kimeetlo, sumlepai bawl na mittawh enle hangin a kisum mahmah suak hi.

Nitumna gam lam-ah Numeite’ dinmun

Nitumna gamlam, mikang numeite’ dinmun a tom in enpak ni. US gam le Europe lam a om gamte ah numei college kah phazah pen pasalte tawh kikim hi. Amau sin thute zong tangtawng pekin numeite’ sin huai-in a ki ciapteh sak pong ahi laihilhna(teaching) pilna, nurse pilna cih ciang bek hilo-in thukhena pilna(law) le cidam kikepna (medical) pilna lam a sin numei pen tam mahmah in khang hanhan laihi. 2000 kum-in US ah law a sin numei khempeuh pen law a sin bup lakpan 47% hi-uh in, 2002 kum-in UK ah cidamna pilna a sin pen cidamna pilna a sin bup lakpan  60% phata uhhi.

America sak lam a om khuate le Europe leitang nitum na lam a om gamte-in kivak pihtheih pilna (professional degree- law, medical, business) degree a piak uh 2/3 pen numeite hita uhhi. Tua ahihman in kumpi zumte-ah numeite’ panmun ngahna pen khang semsem hi. 2006 kum ciangciang in US ah kumpi Nasem zumte’ sazian kepna-ah manager le thu vaihawmna dinmun ah numeite’n 38% panmun neita uh a, thukhensat na-ah a lianpen zum nasem lian(chief executive officers) a sem numeite pen 28% pha ta uhhi.

2000 kum lai pek in US innkuan lai (Census) ah a ki-etteh nupa thum sungpan khat in a zi’ khasum tawh a pasal le inn kuanpih vak hi. Papi ¼ in innah a tate kem uh a, a zite uh zumkah zawhi. 1924 kum in US nupi 87% in innah a tawmpen nai (4) hunla-in inn na sem uhhi. 1977 kumin  43% kiamsuk han in 1999 kum teh 14% hisuk lai hi. Pilna siamna khanna le sumlepai zatna hamsat semsem man hangin innkuanle tate vakna dingin numeite’n a pualam nasepkhiatna a neih uh kilim nial ngam nawnlo hi. Gammite ngiatin zong nupi sa a pualam nasepneihna a khan hanhan na pen siatmuh nawnlo-in, phal mahmah ta-uh hi.

1995 laipek in Virginia Slims poll ah a ki-etteh numei guk pan khat, pasal nga pan khat in numeite’n a tate kepkawm-in a pualam ah na a sepuh phallo uhhi. Thum pan khat in phal mahmah uh a a dangte’n bel numeite thuthu hiziau cilel uhhi. 1997 kumteh nasepnei ta neisa nupa sawmpan kua-in ka lung uh kim mahmah lel cita uh hi. Nupi khat-in “ko buaipih pen numeite’n a pualam na sem dingmaw, semlo ding cih hi ta dih peuhmah kei-in, a pualam nasep kawmmah in tate koi cih leng hoih takin ki khansuah thei ding hiam?, cih hizaw” na cihi.

Nisuahna Asia gam lam ah Numeite’ Dinmun:

Leitung bup numei pasal liangko kimna-ah a khauhpai pen gam sawm sung ah Philippines gam na kihel zo hi. Ahi zongin a dang gamte a hih leh numeite’ dinmun suk mahmah lai hi. Sen gam phadiak pen ta khat neihtheihna policy (one child policy) hangin ta numei deih masa khollo-uh a, a nu’ gil sung pekin nauno pen numei a hihleh ki susia pah ngekngek hi. Tua ahih manin  pasal numei phazah kikim na ah uang takin kikhai a, tua a nu’ gil sungah suksiat thuak numei te pen, “a ki mansuah numeite” (missing women) ci-in min kivawh hi.

Tua hangmah in mipite’ nuntak na zong a hoihlo lamin susia veve hi. Ta pasal khat bek nei uh ahih man in, a ta khatbek neih sutte uh it-in thupit bawllua-uh a hi manin, a ta pasal uh pen lungtang khauh, ki phasak-in “kumpi neu” (little emperor)  ci-in kisam phialmawk hi. A mo ding uh zong omlo ahih manin gam veng Kawlgam a kipan gam tuamtuam ah a hon honin zi zong, mo zong in buai mahmah in, buaina tam piangsak mahmah hi.

Asia gam lamte pha diakah numeite’ gou, lolegam luahtheihna pen a omlo hi phialmawk hi. Mote bangpen ta pasal a neih keileh a ki nolh kik tangial hi. Asia gamte lakpan zong Islam gamte uang phadiak hi. Hih gamte-ah numeite pasalte’n a buan uhleh, buan thuak numeite pen kithat zaw mawk hi. Jordan, Lebanon gam bangah buanthuak numeite a that sungpan 70-75% pen a numeite’ sanggam pasalte hi zaw laihi. 2002 kum in akibawl thukanna-ah  Alexdria le Egypt gamah numei buanthuak a that lakpan 43% pen tua nu’ tanau tengmah ahih lam mukha uh a, amau pen tua bang thahna pen  “phathuai mithahna” (honor killing) ci dep uhhi. Pasal khat-in “Ka sanggam nu ka that pen kisik keng. A that lo hileng zong ka tanaute’n that lel in teh,” ci ngam hi.

India leuleu ah mo kipi na a omteh a numei lamte’n movan apiak kul uhhi. Mo van lian pipi piakha-uh a, pia keile uh pen a tanu uh kuama’n deihsak lo tawh kibang ahih manin nulepate’n a na lau sim gige uh hihtuak hi. Tua kawmkal-ah mo man pen a numei lamte’ ut bangbang, kizawh zahzah piak theih hilo-in, pasal lamte’ nget zahzah hanciam takin piak dingdan hi laihi.

Asia lam gam tampi-ah numeite pen pasal te’ utut-in a ukna nuai-ah mang tinten kul hi cih kumpi-in thukhun le biakna hilhna zungthuk takin om hi. Tua ahihmanin a pasal-in ama’ tungah thuman lo takin vua, sat, ngongtatin a zawh thawh dikdek zongin numeite’n kumpi zum ah puak theilo hi. Thukhun in pasalte’ lam pang limlim ahih manin numeite’n thukhen zum a paima-un a lel khin sa a hihi. 2001 kumin UN lam Naupangte’ kepna kipawlnate’ muhkhiatna-ah Nepal gambang numei 7% in kum 10 a phakma-un mo kikhak–in 40% pen kum 15 a phak ma-un pasal a kinei sak hih tuak hi. Kum tawm lai-in pasal neihna-in nau paaina-ah tampi nawngkai sakin naupangte’ cidam na zong khauhtakin susia hi.

Zogam Numeite’ Dinmun Tehkakna:

Ni tumna gamlam a numeite’ dinmun le nisuah na Asia gam lam a numeite’ dinmun kikhaihna pen uang mahmah ahihlam kimu khia hi. Kawlgam le Zogam a om numeite’ dinmun pen Asia gam pawlkhat te zahin a suksiat gawp sam lohhangin khangto tuan veva nai hiaulo ahih lam kimu theihi. Numeite’ thugen ki thusim lo-in, mothak a neite bang “Na mo-uh a ki zenna?” cih dotna ki nei masa pelmawh hi.

Zomi sungah zong numeite a nengniam ngeina hoihlo hon khat kinei hi. Ngeina etcianna tampi lakpan paunaklelakamte’n zong ih ngeina hong lakkhia mahmah hi. Ih paunak sungah “Numei khat le zabel khat; numei hangsan akpi kihta; numei sat ngeina zam tum ngeina; numei khua le sakhi khua; numei khem le vamin khem; numei thu le sialpiki-in kilam lo;”   cihte om hi.

Numeite goulegamh kiluah sak lo hi. Numeite ki ma theihi. A diakdiak-in tu dong mah Zomi tam pitakte-in “numei lellel” cih kammal tawh numeite’ tung lungsim lungsim ngongtatna(mental violence) ki limzat mahmah laihi. Nu meite’n bang semnuam?, bang uk?, bang deih? Bang sinnuam? , cihte a kipan “kua ngai?”, “kua tawh kiteeng ding?” cihte ah nulepa te’n a teelsak uh khauh pai lai mahmah hi.

U sungnau sung ah zong sihna manna a hi zongin, lungdam na a hi zongin omleh kikhopna-ah innteek thupu lak dingin pasalte mah kigen sak denhi. A innteekte’ sungthu a thei zaw penin innteek nu a hi phial zongin a mah kizangsak lo-in, khual gamla pan innteekte’ thu sung taktak zong a telpih meello beh sungpan u ham khat peuh kigen sak kha theihi. Numei pasal cih hilo-in innteekte’ lungdamna taktak a genkhia thei ding mi  teel ding hizaw hi.

Kipawlna tampi-ah khuanu khuapa(?????????????) kici napi-in pasal tebek kihel den mai hi.  Behlephung tuhkhopna khat peuhpeuh ah zong tokhom tengah kilawm taleh kilawm ta keileh pasal hi limlim pongte ki tusak-in mun kipia masa hamtang hi. 

Kum 2000 khenkhit pawllamteh Zomite’ sungah nuntakzia khuahun kiheina tampi hong omin gam dangah ki tung phangphang hi. Tua khitteh parcel cih kammal hong lang mahmah a, gamdang a tate’ ading zi kikhak zuahzuah hi. Hih pen hoihhi, hoihlo hi cih lamsang nialhtheih loh, khamtheih loh thu (reality situation) hong hita hi. Zomi le Zomi mah hong kideih uh lungdam ding cih hi maihi.

A ngaihsut huai, a patauh huai phialmawk thu khat-ah: gentehna in a zenzen in a pasal khat-in sum kisap mahmah hang viuveu bek-in tuipi gal gam ah vatung hi. Sum a neih zawk deuhteh a zi ding khua pan hong sam in, a zi zong sumlepai neihloh manin (kitheih pih sa, kingaih pih sa hi thei ahih keh mungeingiat lo) khat a pasal dingin va delh pahhi. A tupna gam ah a tunteh sumlepai hong nei zaw deuhleh, a kisap-a deih, a lunggulh a ngah hong suak hi. Tua laitak-in a a pasal in a utut sawl-in zawhthawh kha zenzen leh a zi-in ka deih sum ngah ing ci dingin, nialngam, tawngkik ngam, nusia ngam pel mawh theihi.

A diakdiak-in nitumna gam lamte bang mihing khat’ngaihtheih thu (human rights), mihing vang neihna(human dignity) cihte a kipan suaktak ngiatna (freedom) cihte ultun sak phadiak uh ahih manin pasalte’n a zite utut in ki zawhthawh thei nawnlo hi.

Tua kawmkal mahin moleteek kizopna zong hong ki lamdang ta dinghi. A teek nu-in a mothak lai-in amah aki bawldan-in a mo nu bawlkik theilo dinghi. A deihdeih in pantah, uk, kithuah pih thei lo-in, a mo thuneihna hoh hong khauhpai zaw thei tham dinghi. Tua ahihmanin hih mipihuam kikhelna (social change) pen mi khempeuh in pil vang takin gamtat siam kulhi. Nitum na lam gam a numeite’ dinmun le nisuah na lam numeite’ dinmun kikhaihna a tungah ciantak in ki-en thei khin hi. Kibanglo hi. Ki-el puakin, ki tukalh mahmah hi. Vai khat peuhpeuh ah Pasian mah cih tantan lohngal a dang omlo hi.

Huhthak Numeite’ Khantohna ding:

Ih ngimletup bulpi pen in numeite’  khantoh nading, khantohna sungah hong kihel na dinguh a hihi. Ni suahna lam a om numeite’n khangto-in nitumna lam a om numeite mah bangin leitung’ kisap, mipite’ lunggulhnate huhin a vaak ding uh ahihi. Hih bangin khantoh theih na dingin laigelh pan’n “Khantohna dingin a Khangto lungsim” cih thului a gelhsa sung pan hunlui le hunthak ngaihsut na tehkakna graph hong zang kik dinghi.

Hunlui Mi (Traditional Man)

-          Idea thak pongpong sang theilo

-          Ngeina luite ultun sak

-          Naihuaitengbek lunglut in buaipih

-          Muhna kibanglote thalnial

-          Information thakte kin meel lo

-          A piangsa thute sutsut in nitum

-          Tomkal vaibek thupi sa

-          A innkuan pih lobuang kuamah muanglo

-          Technology thak pongpong langpan

-          Biakna lo buang thudang bangmah thusa lo

-          To le sila kizopdan mah nuamsa

-          Toi ngaihsut

-          Dawi le kau cihte um den

Hunlap Mi (Modern Man)

-          A thakthak theinuam, sinnuam, tuaknuam

-          Kikhelna ultunsak

-          Khuapua, gampua lam aate theinuam

-          Muhna kibang lote thupi san

-          Information thakte lawptakin ngai den

-          Hun lapden, tu laitak thupiangte kinbawl

-          Mailam a ding a mannei tampi geel den

-          Midangte vaipuak zo ding-in umin muan bawl

-          Technology thakte zatsiam nang hanciam

-          Pilna sinna(education) le leitung nate’ thu(science)te thupi sak

-          Midangte’ vang le manneihnate thupisak

-          Zai ngaihsut

-          Na khempeuh a hoih lamin muden

Numeite Thu neihsakna (Women Empowerment) ih cihpen:

Women empowerment ih cih-in, numeite pasalte’ liangko tung’ tuto sak veuvau ding cih hisam lo-in, pasalte tawh liangko kikim sak ding hi zawhi. Tua bek thamlo, numeite innngak sak hithiat a dop ding hi lo-in a pua lam-ah pilna sinsak, thu sinsak, sangkah sak, na sepsak ding kisam hi. A pualam pan thu theihna hong hau le-uh a mau makaih a tate limtak hong pantah kik theih ding hi, cihlam hizaw hi.Numei thuneihsakna ih cih ciangin Eve-in Adam kiang a kikham singgah a neksak na pen mawh lo hi cih bangin mawh pengsakna hilo zaw-in, tua bang a khialhpih kik loh na dingin pattah ding hi, cihlam hi zawhi.

Numeilepasal kihel kipawlna, mipi omkhopna khat peuhpeuh ah a huamkim thei penin makaih theih na dingin numeilepasal mahin makai khawm leh picing semsem pen ding cih ahihi. Banghang hiam cihleh numeite’ gilnat numeite bekmah in thei penhi. Makai teelteh a pilna siamna le matutna (achievement)te-et mah bangin a hihna (idenitity-beingness) zong et kul veve hi. Numeite zong numei ahihna hangin kihel kul-uh a, numei sungpan a navak, thuthei zawdeuhte teelkhiat ding ahihi. Numei limlim ahihna uhtawh bel amau ading mun a om hamtang kulhi.

A diakdiak-in ki pawlna tuamtuam-ah hi theileh makaite’ sungah numeite 30% ciang peuhmah helhuai masa hi.Gentehna-in veeng maikai lakah 30% numei hih hamtang sakna zong hipah hi. Tua numeite mahin mipi sung a numei, naupangte’  haksatna a thei taktakte uh ahihi. Numeite’ kisap taktak a pil mahmah pasal pa-in zong theisiang tuanlo hi.

American ah senator ahi, John Mc Cain makaih International Republic Institute kipawlna bangin leitung mun tampi-ah gam cidam, ki-ukna hoih a hih na ding huh kawikawi uha, amau tup na khat-in leitung bup-ah Hlutdaw ah mipite’ aitang mapang ding mi (member of perlimenatary) te sungpan 50% pen numei ahih ding lim hanciam mahmah uhhi.

Pawl khat leuleu-in numeite ih makaih sak nop hang apilna, a siamna, qualification cing naikei hong ci uhhi. Zomi sung-ah B.A, BSc, MA, MSc, MDiv, Dmin, Phd ngah numei om ta hi. Tuate pen Sunday school hilh ding bek-in tuatdet ding hilo hi.  Tua bangmah-in numeite’ qualificatioin nei om naikei ih cihcihna-in qualification neisak lo hi. Amaule amau kimuanna omsak lo hi.

Vaihawmna tawh kisai-in mipilte’ gentheih khat-in Titanic tembaw pen khutsiam mahmah, mipilte’ lam hi-in kibung hi. Noah tembaw pen  mi mawkmawk pawlkhat lam hi-in leitung mite le ganhingte honzo hi, a cih mah bangun, numeite zong Pasian tawh limtak hunla-in Pasian lamlahna tawh na ngah peuhle uh Pasian in gualzawh pih lel ding hi.

Numeite makaihna-ah hel limlim phot lehang, amau zong hong hanciam pah dingin, a siam pah vangvang kei zongun hong siam toto lel dinghi. Kuamah a siam sa-in suak omlo hi hang. Tuakhit teh a makai lak-ah hong kihel le-uh naupang, khangthak numei note’n ei numeite zong makai kisuak thei mawk veh ee, hong ciding uh, makai lungsim amau le amau hong kiguan dinguh a, hong hanciam to pah ding uhhi. A lungsim uh zong hong kiging zo ding uhhi.

Pasal numei a kuakua Pasian lamlah na kisam uh hizaw hi.

Thukhat-ah women empowerment cih ciangin, mipi lak-ah thuthei lopi kamtam sak suasua ding cihbel hisam lohi. Mipi lak-ah picing tak-in hong makaih theih na dingun pantah ding cihna zong a hihi. Innsung ah zong nute’n nibup puansawp-in a gim a tawluh tangin puansawp na (washing machine) leisakna, gam lakah sing zong,inn ah pua kaikai-in tuate tawh zingsang bup an a huanin hun a beisak tangun, meitawh an huanna (rice cooker) leisak na cihte in zong numeite’ thalengal, hun tampi dawn uh a, innlelo vai, pilna siamna a zon na dingun hun tampi neihbeh sakzaw ahih manin hahbawl huai hi.

Patauh huaithu

Zomite’n numei te tawh kisai-in hih goulegamh luahna, khang kisimna cihte ih buai pihpih laitak, amau tawh khang kisim kei, numei sum mu theite kiphasak lua ih cihcih laitak-in minam dang gamdang numeite’n Hlutdaw sung khawngah na kihel ziahziahta, vuanzi khawng na sem, Kumpite ngaihsunpia khawngin na kihel ziahziah ta uhhi. Mikang, mi vom sungah Kawlpau mikangpau-in thu gen-in, na kipei ziahziah ta uhhi. Kawllak, mikang lakah zong sum bawl-in na leng ziahziah ta uh hi. Tua laitak ei Zomi numeite pen inn sungah anhuan, innphiat ciangbek in ih koih khak ding ka patau simsim hi.

Ngeina cih pen tangthu sung, khang laibu sung, ngeina la sungbek-ah om hilo-in nisim ih ngaihsutna pen ngeina hong suak lelhi. Ih ngaihsut dan, zia ahi ngeina sungah mihing a khangto saklo, a khaktan, a nengniam, a hen, ngaihsutna limlim laihkulhi. Mihing mah ahi numeite’ mailam khantoh na ding a khaktan ngaihsutna, ngeina te zong phiathuai hi.

Zomi numeite pen sumlepai zonna-ah kizen mahmah uhhi. A diakdiak in Tedim gam bang cilehang lam dungteng ah numeite’ makaih sumbuk zuakna vive hi. Tua numeite thapiak kulhi. Panpih kul hi. Gamvai (politics) lam ah zong numeite’ theihna niam mahmah hi. Kiteelna(election) a omteh a kihel zo ngam dingin pan pihni. A diakdiak in Zomi numeite in ngeina pawite ah kihel nuam sa mahmah uhhi. Biakpiakna, nopna dahna le khuado pawi, lungdam bawlte ah kizen mahmah uha, amau lo-in a pianglo hiphial mawk hi. Tua munte ah vai khat peuhpeuh khensat ding a kisapteh numeite tawh kikup hamtang huai hi. Amau khensatte zong thalnial huai pahlo hi.

Numei tawh kisai Upkhialhnate

Numei le Biakna makaihna: Numeite pen makaih siamlo-in, muanhuai lo hi. Biakpiakna-ah zong makaih sak huailo hi cihthu kigen den hi. Leitung bupah pawlpi mi tampen a nei Dr Yonggi Cho-in ka pawlpi hizah ta-in a khantohna-in ka nupite’n veengkikhop-na ah citak tak in a kihel na hang uhhi, cih thu geen bel-in neihi. A pawlpi-ah numei upa tampi omhi.  

Numei le sumlepaai: Numei pen sumlepai vai-ah a muang zo ngiatlo mi honkhat omhi. Leitung bupah sumbul pia-in summeet bawlna a siam, Nobel prize bang angah Muhamad Yunus in numeite bek sum leitawi ngam ing, amau a sumte uh mawkzat ngamlo-in zathuai na munte bekah zanghi, na cihi. Sum leitawi a piak awn tampi omin tua lakpan 90% pen numeite bek a hihi.

Numei le Nainganzi: Leitung gam tampi-ah numei president sem, prime minister sem tam mahmah ta hi. India gam kumpi zumte ah numeite’ makaih khuate-in tangpi tangta kisap sem zo zaw cih mu-uh hi. (Gtn, tui siangtho vai hawmsak).  Numei khua makaite’n pasalte sang golhguk(bribery) nelo zaw uhhi, cihi.

Gamvai, biakna vai a kipan thukhen satna bawlna, thukhun suaihnate-ah numei le pasalte’n kikim takin kihelna kupkhopna neithei kei le uh, kensatna khat peupeuh ah a thuzawhte’ gen bang peuhpeuh kimang kha ziauziau mawk hi.

Thukhupna

Zogam pen Kawlgam ah a zawngpen gam hi-in, mipi bup pan 73.3% pen zawnna piciang nuai-ah ki om laihi. Khasim ih ngahzah sum khempeuh lakpan 75% pen anlemah lian-in kizang hi-in, a diakdiak in buh leina-in kizang hi. Tua nangawn zong a lim a al, cidam nading hi peuhmah lo-in, sihkham na ciangbek a hihi.   Tua a hih manin Zomi, Zosuan tate’n a bucing khantohna taktak ih ngah na dingin numeite kihelna lo tawh kitang tung theilo dinghi. Ki nusia theilo hi. Zomi numeite zong hih gam ki-ukna hunthak ah meidawi, lungneu den keei nawnlo-in, Pasian ading, gamlemi nopsak theih na dingin hangsan tak-in paungam, phungam, sepngam kulhi. 

References:

Drinkwater, M., (2005) We Are Also Human: Identify And Power In Gender Relations. Care.

Lian, Pau Sian (March, 2013). Participation of Women in Community Development in Tedim Township, Chin State, Myanmar. Unpublished M.D.M Thesis, University of Cordilleras. Baguio, Philippines.

Marilyn Gittell., Isola Ortega-Bustamante., Tracy Steffy. (July 1999)Creating Social Capital And Social Change, A Study Of Women-Led Community Development Organization. Mcauley Institute And Supported By Ford Foundation.

Megan Thibos, Danielle Lavin Loucks, Marcus Martin. (May 2007). The Feminization Of Poverty. The J.MCDONALD WILLIAMS INSTITUTE

The South Commission. (1990). The Challenge To The South: The Report Of South Commission. OXFORD

United Nations Development Program. (2011). Integrated Household Conditions Survey In Myanmar (2009-2010).Poverty Profile. UNDP

United Nations Industrial Development Organization. (2003). A Path Out Of Poverty:  Developing Rural And Women Entrepreneurship. UNITED

By: Pau Sian Lian

 


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